Oberer Kuhberg Documentation Centre
From 1933 to 1935 Fort Oberer Kuhberg, part of the Bundesfestung Ulm (a fortress built around the 1850s), was the location of an early concentration camp in Württemberg. Approximately 600 prisoners were incarcerated in the camp Oberer Kuhberg, one of them was the renowned social democrat Kurt Schumacher. The function of this camp was to break down the convictions and the will of real and suspected political and ideological opponents with terror and to intimidate the rest of the population.
Today it has become a place of remembrance maintained by the The Oberer Kuhberg Documentation Center (DZOK, i.e. Dokumentationszentrum Oberer Kuhberg), a center for remembrance, research and education about the Nazi era as it affected Ulm, Neu-Ulm and nearby districts. At the memorial site, among other things, you can visit underground prisoners' cells, single detention cells, the former camp administrators' offices as well as a permanent exhibition about the history of the former concentration camp.