Oberer Kuhberg Documentation Centre
Between 1933 and 1935, the Oberer Kuhberg fortress built as a part of the Bundesfestung Ulm fortress in 1850 was home to an early National Socialist concentration camp of the federal state of Baden-Wuerttemberg. More than 600 opponents of the regime were detained here. One of them was the well-know German Social Democrat Kurt Schumacher. The aim of the camp was to break down the prisoners’ resistance and to intimidate the rest of the population.
Today, this historic place is a memorial site. The building substance and the premises are largely intact. You can visit i.e. the prisoners’ underground accommodation, the special detention cells, the offices of the concentration camp administration as well as a permanent exhibition on the history of the Ulm concentration camp.